In this course, students will discover what chemistry is and how it is used and found all around us. The importance of the scientific method to solve real-world problems will be investigated. Knowledge will be gained in the following areas: types of matter, atomic structure, chemical periodicity, chemical formula writing and naming, and chemical equations. This course will also stress the important relationship between math and science while studying measurement, the metric system, and stoichiometry. Students will use higher order thinking throughout the entire course.
In Chemistry B, students will investigate chemical bonding, thermochemistry, and acids and bases. The importance of the scientific method to solve real-world problems will be investigated. Knowledge will be gained in the following areas: organic chemistry, biochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. This course will also stress the important relationship between math and science. Students will use higher order thinking throughout the entire course.
- Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes.
- Matter can be classified as substances (elements or compounds) or mixtures (homogeneous or heterogeneous).
- The position of an element on the periodic table is based on the number of protons and electrons for that element and allows chemists to see patterns in physical properties and chemical reactivity.
- The visual model of the atom evolved as advances in technology were discovered.
- Elements combine to form compounds.
- Elements and compounds undergo chemical reactions to form new substances.
- Defined measurement qualifiers known as units are needed to describe measurements in the physical world.
- Units can be inter-converted via dimensional analysis.
- Chemical equations are quantified via the unit known as the mole.
- Theoretical yields can be computed for balanced, chemical equations.
- Atoms having great electronegativity differences will combine to form ionic bonds.
- Atoms that share electrons equally form covalent bonds.
- Water is a unique compound held together by strong hydrogen bonding.
- Chemists express the concentrations of solutions in various units.
- Heat flows from higher temperature to lower temperature.
- The specific heat of an object is related to its mass and temperature.
- Pressure, volume and temperature are factors that determine the behavior of a gas.
- At equilibrium, the rate of the forward and reverse reactions are equal.
- Many chemical reactions exhibit acid/base behavior.
- There is a systematic method for naming organic compounds.
- Life is based on chemical and physical principles.
- Many nuclear processes can be described by three types of particles released by the atom.
- Neutralization reactions involve an acid and a base and will react to form water and a salt.
- Oxidation-Reduction reactions are based upon the transfer of electrons.